Fast jets from bubbles close to solid objects: examples from pillars in water to infinite planes in different liquids
Keywords:bubble dynamics, cavitation, erosion, finite volume method, high–speed imaging, jet formation
The dynamics of a single, laser-induced cavitation bubble on top of a solid cylinder and right at a plane solid boundary is studied
both experimentally and numerically. The most intriguing phenomenon that occurs for a millimeter sized bubble right at a flat
solid boundary in water is the formation of a fast jet that is directed towards the solid with a speed of the order of 1000 m/s.
Paradoxically, in this setting, fast jet formation causally is related to the viscosity of the liquid.Thus, results from numerical
simulations with varying liquid viscosity and bubble size are presented. Bubble dynamics and jet formation mechanisms are
discussed. It is shown, that fast jet formation persists for a wide range of liquid viscosities, including e.g. 50 cSt silicone oil. For
bubbles generated close to the flat top of a long, thin cylinder the parameter space of initial distance to the cylinder, bubble size and
cylinder radius is scanned numerically and partly compared to experiments. When the maximum radius of the bubble exceeds the
one of the cylinder the bubble collapses in the form of a mushroom or can resemble a trophy, depending on the values of the
geometry parameters. Complex patterns of jet formation with jet speeds ranging from the order of a few hundred m/s to several
thousand m/s are found.The results represent a contribution to understand the behavior of bubbles collapsing close to solid surfaces,
in particular, how thin, fast jets are generated.
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Copyright (c) 2023 Christiane Lechner, Max Koch, Werner Lauterborn, Robert Mettin
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