Influence of Surface Wettability on Droplet Spreading Behaviour over a Solid Substrate


  • Dhrijit Kumar Deka
  • Sukumar Pati
  • László Baranyi



Droplet spreading, hydrophilic, hydrophobic, solid substrate, Weber number, wettability


The present study investigates the fluid-solid interaction phenomenon when a spherical droplet falls on the surface of a solid substrate. Numerical investigations were carried out in a 2D framework to analyse the influence of the wettability of the substrate and interfacial tension of the liquid droplet. The 2D solver establishes a good agreement with the reported experimental results. The droplet is considered to fall on the solid surface under the influence of a minimal velocity imposed on it. The results are presented in terms of droplet interface morphology and the spreading distance over the solid substrate. It is observed that the spreading tendency of a droplet is much more significant with a hydrophilic surface compared to a hydrophobic surface. It is also established that the droplet spreading increases with the decrease in Weber number. However, droplet spreading on a hydrophobic surface increases with the decrease in Weber number up to a certain limit, after which the droplet starts to contract, reducing the droplet spreading on the surface.




How to Cite

Deka, D. K., Pati, S. and Baranyi, L. (2023) “Influence of Surface Wettability on Droplet Spreading Behaviour over a Solid Substrate”, Technische Mechanik - European Journal of Engineering Mechanics, 43(1), pp. 13–20. doi: 10.24352/UB.OVGU-2023-041.